Passion Fruit Names – What Do People in Other Countries and Other Cultures Call, Passion Fruit?
There are over 500 Passiflora species in the world, out of which P. edulis Sims, has been exclusively designated as passionfruit. This wonderful fruit will however come into two different, yet easily recognizable types: the purple passion fruit and the yellow one.
The purple passion fruit has its origins in Brazil, from which it spread to Argentina, by crossing Paraguay. The origins of the yellow passionfruit are not so clearly established, but what we do know is that both these types of passionfruit are well appreciated in the countries they are most found in.
They do have important differences that set them apart: the purple passionfruit pulp holds less acidity than the yellow one, has a richer flavor and aroma, while also having a greater proportion of juice. Having said this, you can expect the yellow passionflower fruit to be larger than the purple one and to grow on a more vigorous vine.
Symbolism of the Passionfruit
This unique fruit also comes with interesting symbolism attached to it, due to the appearance of its flower. It seems that 16th-century Catholic missionaries in Brazil found the passionfruit’s flower to be symbolic of Christ’s crucifixion, otherwise known in biblical history as the Passion of the Christ. The center’s flower has spikes protruding from the center, a visual semblance to the crown of thorns worn by Christ. The ten petals symbolize the ten apostles, while the three stigmata symbolize the three nails.
Passion Fruit Names?
The Passion Fruit has many names around the world. Below is just a sampling of some of the names that the Passion Fruit has around the world. If you know of an additional name, please don’t hesitate to contact us or leave a comment below.
- mburucuyá – Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay
- maracujá – Brazil and Portugal
- maracuyá (yellow variety) or gulupa (purple variety) – Columbia
- maracuyá – Bolivia,Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Mexico, Honduras and Peru
- chinola – Dominican Republic
- lilikoi – Hawaii
- markisa – Indonesia
- sweet cup – Jamaica
- calala – Nicaragua (a sweet-tasting juice is made when the fruit is cut in half and boiled in water)
- parcha – Puerto Rico
- granadilla (purple variety)or granadilla (yellow variety) – South Africa
- parchita – Venezuela
Passionfruit In Various Countries Across the Globe
Since passionfruit originated in Brazil, it comes as no surprise knowing this country has a long-standing passionfruit industry with well-developed plants meant to extract the juice from these delicious fruits. In Brazil, passionfruit is mostly preferred fresh, but it’s also an essential ingredient in juices, mousses, sauces and a wide variety of desserts.
If you ever visit Brazil, you can get one of their popular vitamina drinks, which are basically the equivalent of smoothies. However when introducing passionfruit in the mix together with the milk, you will get a natural tranquilizer with antispasmodic and sedative action that may even induce better sleep quality.
In Australia, the purple passionfruit saw natural flourishing before the 1900’s on the coasts of Queensland. It was typically planted on abandoned banana plantations and gradually gained great popularity. In 1943 a wilt invasion damaged the vines and forced people to find substitutes that showed higher resistance to fungus. In Australia passionfruit is subjected to a condition called ‘woodiness’ that makes growing this fruit a bit difficult. Even so, growers have maintained their ground and kept finding solutions in order to keep this fruit locally grown and harvested for the population to readily enjoy. To this end, Australians are more inclined to prefer the purple passion fruit to the yellow one.
These challenges have surfaced for growers in New Zealand as well, almost destroying an industry that was built early on in the 1930’s – a thriving industry, albeit small. Nowadays growers have managed to stave off destructive infestations and to export fruits and juice. New Guinea also currently runs a profitable industry of purple passionfruit.
Passionfruit has also become widely popular in Hawaii, where it’s known as lilikoi and where planting started in 1880’s with seeds brought from Australia. In Hawaii, the yellow strands are the more popular ones and you can find this fruit widely and creatively used as ingredients in zesty cocktails, delicious desserts and stunning ice creams.
Israel was also one of the countries that benefited from the passionfruit brought over from Australia. It was introduced there in the early 20th century and now you can find it growing in home gardens across the coastal plain. Small quantities are also being sent to processing factories.
Kenya and Uganda also saw a thriving passionfruit commercial culture. In Kenya it began in 1933 and expanded in 1960, when commercialization also began in Uganda. However both countries struggled with maintaining the health of their crops, as a result of infestation and damaging pests. This led to the decision of planting passionfruit in smaller areas in order to have better and more efficient control over the crops. Unfortunately, the passionfruit plant does not hold much strength in the face of easily-spreadable diseases.
India has also seen and still sees a moderate passionfruit industry, since the vine ran wild in many areas of the country. Some decades ago, the yellow passionfruit was also introduced to India from Ceylon and the plantations quickly spread in low-elevated areas such as Kerala and Madras. Within a year the plantations began yielding heavy and regular crops.
In 1947 South Africa produced around 2,000 tons for domestic use. The numbers only doubled in three years starting that date and continued growing until now, since luckily the passionfruit plant did not meet any of the regular setbacks stemming from infestations and pests.
By 1913 the purple passionfruit also found a home in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica. The Jamaica passionfruit is a powerhouse of antioxidants, vitamins and nutrients, among which potassium, fiber, phosphorus, calcium, protein and vitamin A. Some other parts of the fruit are also used with medicinal purposes to prevent and treat a variety of afflictions and conditions.
How Do You Choose Passionfruit?
Passionfruit is not a fruit that you consume as easily as you do an apple, but it isn’t complicated either. In order to enjoy the fruit in all its splendor, you need to find one that is ripe. A ripe passionfruit will often feel heavy in your hand, while the skin can be smooth or wrinkly. However wrinkles are typically a clear indicator that the fruit is ripe and ready to eat.
As with any other fruits, make sure there are no spots, there is no discoloration or bruising on the skin of the passionfruit. Before you consume the passionfruit, make sure you wash it thoroughly to remove any bacteria or pesticide residue.
You can then take a spoon and either scoop out the content or eat the pulp straight from the fruit. You can add cream or a bit of sweetener and enjoy the deliciousness this fruit naturally offers. If you want, you can also eat the seeds, but they’re a bit tart.
How Can You Use Passionfruit?
Passionfruit is such a versatile and delicious fruit, that people all across the globe found a myriad of ways to incorporate in their daily eating habits and occasional treats.
If you have a sweet tooth and like preparing baked goods, know that you can easily add passionfruit to panna cottas, cakes, puddings, soufflés, curds, trifles, eclairs and roulades. In fact, the list is endless, you only need a bit of creativity and willingness to prepare your goods, since passionfruit blends in with just about anything.
Passionfruit does not disappoint when it comes to drinks either. Apart from smoothies, lemonades and teas, passionfruit is also a great ingredient in cocktails all around the world. Depending on where you are located or where you travel, you can go to the bar and ask a wide variety of cocktails that can include passionfruit: passionfruit coladas, passionfruit martinis, passionfruit mojitos, mimosas, caipirinhas and so on.
Extracts of this fruit, such as the passionfruit oil, will also be found in skin care products, as they are a great aid in moisturizing mature and aging skin.
Passionfruit is really a wondrous fruit that in the past century spread beautifully and widely across the Earth, offering growers the opportunity to provide more and more people with this amazing fruit that is not only delicious, but also a great medicinal and health supplement. This fruit has become so versatile that you can find it in supermarkets and order it online all year round. Get passionfruit, experiment with it and find the consumption method that best fits your availability, style, preferences and budget.
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